This is an original press statement released in February/March 2016.
USA stock most likely overvalued, European stock markets undervalued.

Finiconsult has finished her calculations of risk premiums 2016. The usual comparison has been made between the theoretical PE ratio and the latest actual price/earnings (PE) ratios in various countries. The results indicate that further rises in US share prices cannot be rationally explained. US stock markets are most likely overvaluated compared to European markets. Here follows a survey of that comparison.
Country1. Risk Premium
2. Risk free rate
end 2015
3. Discount rate
4. Discount rate
5. PE local index
February 2016
6. Difference

The theoretical foundation of that comparison is based on the generally accepted Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM). That theory states that the correct discount rate in share valuation is the sum of a risk free interest rate + a risk premium. As to risk free interest rates only minor definition problems exist compared to risk premiums.
Column 1 contains the most recent risk premiums, based on the longest possible period (since 1900) as an average of all 7 calculation methods. Column 2 contains the risk free long term interest rate for long term government bonds end 2015. Column 3 contains the sum of both and column 4 the reciprocal, a Capitalized Discount rate or theoretical PE. Column 5 represents actual PE-ratio's (not weighted) based on 2015 net company profits in each major local index. The last column 6 shows the theoretical PE-ratio minus the actual PE. Positive differences hint to undervalutation, a negative one, such as the red -4.96 in the USA, hints that markets are overvalued.

In 2006, just before the credit crisis and using basically the same model, all markets appeared overvalued as shown here. Actually this is only the case for the USA. However, attention should be paid to the composition of these discount rates. The credit crisis resulted in lower risk premiums as well as lower interest rates. Now risk premiums reached again more or less the pre-crisis levels of 2006. Risk free rates at the contrary are still well below their 2006 levels due to central bank policy. Increased interest rates due to policy changes increases immediately the theoretical PE. This will increase the difference with actual PE when already in red territory. The long term change in actual PE is most likely insignificant but very erratic in the short run. Column 6 could easily turn negative all over and a new crisis is born.

For any question please Email. All information is based on sources deemed to be trustworthy. All forward looking statements are subject to all required qualifications. Not any responsibility is taken for any conclusion.

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